Commune perceptions of the sociocultural impacts derived from rural tourism. Bellavista case, Ecuador

Lilia Argentina Ortiz Berrezueta, Mauricio Samuel Noblecilla Grunauer, Jonathan Alexander Ruiz Carrillo, Oscar Stuardo Ordoñez Contreras, Marjorie Katherine Crespo Garcia

Resumen


This article presents a study on the community perception of tourism and its sociocultural impact from the point of view of the inhabitants of the coastal communes of the Bellavista Parish and areas bordering the La Tembladera wetland, a protected area with a tourist high potential. The references analyzed discuss the sociocultural impact involved in tourist development, interaction and influences between rural communities and tourism. The records obtained were highly reliable according to the reliability analysis (Cronbach’s ). Within the analysis, the component that presented the most interactive relationships had to do with the personal safety of the residents, who said that this is not affected by the flow of visitors during the local tourist seasons. The analysis of the sociocultural impact of tourism shows us that this can be related to the perception that the residents of rural communities of Bellavista Parish have.

Keywords: Community perception, tourism, sociocultural impact, personal safety, rural communities. 

Resumen.

En este artículo se presenta una investigación sobre la percepción comunitaria del turismo y su impacto sociocultural desde el punto de vista de los habitantes de las comunas ribereñas de la parroquia Bellavista y sectores aledaños al Humedal La Tembladera, un sector protegido con un alto potencial turístico. Las referencias analizadas discuten el impacto sociocultural que implica el desarrollo turístico, la interacción e influencia entre las comunidades rurales y el turismo. Los registros obtenidos resultaron altamente confiables según el análisis de fiabilidad (Cronbach’s . Dentro del análisis el componente que presentó más relaciones de interacción tiene que ver con la seguridad personal de los residentes, la cual manifiestan que no se ve afectada por el flujo de visitantes durante las temporadas turísticas locales. El análisis de los impactos socioculturales del turismo nos muestra que éstos pueden ser relacionados con la percepción que tienen los residentes de las comunidades rurales de la parroquia Bellavista.

Palabras clave: Percepción comunitaria, turismo, impacto sociocultural, seguridad personal, comunidades rurales.

(Presentado: 19 de enero de 2017. Aceptado: 14 de marzo de 2017)

 


Palabras clave


Commune perceptions, tourism, sociocultural impact, local development, rural communes.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referencias


Andereck, K. L., Valentine, K. M., Knopf, R. C., & Vogt, C. A. (2005). Residents’ perceptions of community tourism impacts. Annals of Tourism Research, 32(4), 1056–1076. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2005.03.001

Bramwell, B. (2015). Theoretical activity in sustainable tourism research. Annals of Tourism Research, 54, 204–218. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2015.07.005

Brohman, J. (1996). New directions in tourism for Third World development. Annals of Tourism Research, 23(1), 48–70. http://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(95)00043-7

Brunt, P., & Courtney, P. (1999). Host perceptions of sociocultural impacts. Annals of Tourism Research, 26(3), 493–515. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(99)00003-1

Chen, F. H., Hsu, T. S., & Tzeng, G. H. (2011). A balanced scorecard approach to establish a performance evaluation and relationship model for hot spring hotels based on a hybrid MCDM model combining DEMATEL and ANP. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 30(4), 908–932. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2011.02.001

Chou, T.-Y., Hsu, C.-L., & Chen, M.-C. (2008). A fuzzy multi-criteria decision model for international tourist hotels location selection. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 27(2), 293–301. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2007.07.029

Cimbaljević, M. (2015). Social media marketing in tourism and hospitality. Annals of Tourism Research, 54, 236–238. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2015.05.006

Cornet, C. (2015). Tourism development and resistance in China. Annals of Tourism Research, 52, 29–43. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2015.02.002

Doǧan, H. Z. (1989). Forms of adjustment. Annals of Tourism Research, 16(2), 216–236. http://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(89)90069-8

Dolnicar, S., Yanamandram, V., & Cliff, K. (2012). The contribution of vacations to quality of life. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(1), 59–83. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2011.04.015

Echtner, C. M., & Prasad, P. (2003). The context of third world tourism marketing. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(3), 660–682. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(03)00045-8

Faulkner, B., & Tideswell, C. (1997). A framework for monitoring community impacts of tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 5(1), 3–28. http://doi.org/10.1080/09669589708667273

García-García, J. A., Reding-Bernal, A., & López-Alvarenga, J. C. (2013). Cálculo del tamaño de la muestra en investigación en educación médica. Investigación En Educación Médica, 2(8), 217–224. http://doi.org/10.1016/S2007-5057(13)72715-7

Griffiths, I., & Sharpley, R. (2012). Influences of nationalism on tourist-host relationships. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(4), 2051–2072. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2012.07.002

Haralambopoulos, N., & Pizam, A. (1996). Perceived impacts of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 23(3), 503–526. http://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(95)00075-5

Jamal, T. B., & Getz, D. (1995). Collaboration theory and community tourism planning. Annals of Tourism Research, 22(1), 186–204. http://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(94)00067-3

Jensen, M. T. (2016). Hypersensitive tourists: The dark sides of the sensuous. Annals of Tourism Research, 57, 239–242. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2016.01.002

Jonas, S. H., & Reza, B. (2008). Hospitality studies and hospitality management: A symbiotic relationship. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 101, 8357–8361.

Jusoh, Z., Shafiee, N. H., & Jamaluddin, A. (2012). Factors Influencing Tourist Food Consumption. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 1–27.

Kim, H., & Richardson, S. L. (2003). Motion picture impacts on destination images. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(1), 216–237. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(02)00062-2

Kindström, D., & Kowalkowski, C. (2009). Development of industrial service offerings: a process framework. Journal of Service Management, 20(2), 156–172. http://doi.org/10.1108/09564230910952753

Korstanje, M. E. (2012). Turismo y Cambio Sociocultural: Una Perspectiva Conceptual. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 1264–1266. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2012.01.009

Korstanje, M. E. (2016). Sun & sea tourism: Fantasy and finance of the all-inclusive industry. Annals of Tourism Research. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2016.02.012

Li, H., Chen, J. L., Li, G., & Goh, C. (2016). Tourism and regional income inequality: Evidence from China. Annals of Tourism Research, 58, 81–99. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2016.02.001

Liu, J. C., Sheldon, P. J., & Var, T. (1987). Resident perception of the environmental impacts of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 14(1), 17–37. http://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(87)90045-4

Liu, J. C., & Var, T. (1986). Resident attitudes toward tourism impacts in Hawaii. Annals of Tourism Research, 13(2), 193–214. http://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(86)90037-X

McKercher, B., Wang, D., & Park, E. (2015). Social impacts as a function of place change. Annals of Tourism Research, 50, 52–66. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2014.11.002

Milman, A., & Pizam, A. (1988). Social impacts of tourism on central florida. Annals of Tourism Research, 15(2), 191–204. http://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(88)90082-5

Moyle, B., Croy, W. G., & Weiler, B. (2010). Community Perceptions of Tourism: Bruny and Magnetic Islands, Australia. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 15(3), 353–366. http://doi.org/10.1080/10941665.2010.503625

Noblecilla G., M., Ortíz B., L., Ruiz C., J., Encalada L., I., & Ordoñez C., O. (2016). Análisis del potencial turístico de las comunidades rurales . Caso de estudio : Comunidad Muyuyacu , El Oro-Ecuador. RIAT, 12, 48–59. Retrieved from http://riat.utalca.cl/index.php/test/article/view/322

Nunkoo, R., & Gursoy, D. (2012). Residents’ support for tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(1), 243–268. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2011.05.006

Otting, H., & Zwaal, W. (2011). Degree of motivation of international hospitality students in their work place. Journal of Hospitality Leisure Sport & Tourism Education, 10(1), 4–12. http://doi.org/10.3794/johlste.101.240

Phillips, P., & Moutinho, L. (2014). Critical review of strategic planning research in hospitality and tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 48, 96–120. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2014.05.013

Routledge, P. (2006). Sustainable Wine Tourism : The Host Community Perspective. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 14(5), 425–448. http://doi.org/10.2167/jost587.0

Ruhanen, L., Weiler, B., Moyle, B. D., & McLennan, C. J. (2015). Trends and patterns in sustainable tourism research: a 25-year bibliometric analysis Trends and Patterns in Sustainable Tourism Research: A 25- Year Bibliometric Analysis. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 23(4), 517–535. http://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2014.978790

Russell, R. V. (2003). Tourists and refugees. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(4), 833–846. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(03)00062-8

Sancho, A., Garcia, G., & Rozo, E. (2007). Comparativa de Indicadores de Sostenibilidadpara Destinos Desarrollados, en Desarrollo y con Poblacion Vulnerable. Annals of Tourism Resarch, 9, 15–77.

Scherrer, P. (2014). Book review. Annals of Tourism Research, 44, 294–296. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2013.08.006

Song, Haiyan, Larry Dwyer, G. L., & ZhengCao. (2012). Tourism Economics Research: a Review and Assessment. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(3), 1653–1682. Retrieved from http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0160738312000795/1-s2.0-S0160738312000795-main.pdf?_tid=67a563e4-c8d4-11e3-bee1-00000aab0f02&acdnat=1398030214_b57a4f3d9703ed2daf5a30d5da93eb92

Stamenkovic, P. D. (2012). Tourism: Characteristics and Development Perspectives. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(3), 1748–1749. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2012.05.016

Torres-Delgado, A., & Palomeque, F. L. (2014). Measuring sustainable tourism at the municipal level. Annals of Tourism Research, 49, 122–137. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2014.09.003

Tosun, C. (2002). Host perceptions of impacts. Annals of Tourism Research, 29(1), 231–253. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(01)00039-1

Tucker, H. (2016). Empathy and tourism: Limits and possibilities. Annals of Tourism Research, 57, 31–43. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2015.12.001

Wang, C.-H., Chen, K.-Y., & Chen, S.-C. (2012). Total quality management, market orientation and hotel performance: The moderating effects of external environmental factors. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 31(1), 119–129. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2011.03.013

Witell, L., & Löfgren, M. (2013). From service for free to service for fee: business model innovation in manufacturing firms. Journal of Service Management, 24(5), 520–533. http://doi.org/10.1108/JOSM-04-2013-0103

Zhang, C. X., L’Espoir Decosta, P., & McKercher, B. (2015). Politics and tourism promotion: Hong Kong’s myth making. Annals of Tourism Research, 54, 156–171. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2015.07.003

Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censo. (Noviembre de 2010). INEC. Obtenido de www.inec.gob.ec: http://www.inec.gob.ec/cpv/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=232&Itemid=128〈=es

Ministerio de Turismo. (Agosto de 2009). Plan Integral de Marketing Tutístico de Ecuador PIMTE 2014. Obtenido de www.turismo.gob.ec: http://www.turismo.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2013/02/PIMTE_2014.pdf

Ministerio del Ambiente. (Noviembre de 2009). Plan de manejo participativo del Humedal La Tembladera, El Oro - Santa Rosa. Obtenido de simce.ambiente.gob.ec: http://simce.ambiente.gob.ec/sites/default/files/documentos/belen/Plan%20de%20Manejo%20La%20Tembladera.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/riat.v13i1.369

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.




Esta Revista es Editada por la Facultad de Economía y Negocios, Universidad de Talca, CHILE, 2 Norte 685, Talca. E_mail: acerda@utalca.cl o riat@utalca.cl -  http://riat.utalca.cl