Monocultures in the Vinces river basin (Ecuador) and their relationship between the supply of water for irrigation

Jose Luis Muñoz Marcillo


The need to satisfy the nutritional requirements of the Ecuadorian population, added to the public policy of increasing the income of foreign exchange to maintain the economic model of the country through the export of agricultural products, has increased the establishment of several monocultures in large areas of land, increased importantly the use of water for irrigation of these crops. The objective of this work is to analyze the change in time and space in the use of agricultural land, the expansion of its border and the pressure on the water resource exerted by irrigation in the Vinces river basin in accordance with the concessions of water granted by the governmental authority with competence in the basin. This research entailed the compilation of digital geoinformation, its subsequent processing in Geographic Information Systems, tabulation of official statistical information and verification in the field. The conceptual integration of the Integrated Management of Water Resources allows to advance in the understanding of the complexity and the difficulties to achieve a balance between the natural and social processes that affect us. The main agricultural coverage of the Vinces river basin represented by the monocultures of banana, cocoa and oil palm presented a notable and progressive time-space change (expansion of the cultivated area) and increased pressure by the basin water for the irrigation in the long dry season. The historical water concessions for irrigation extended in the Vinces river basin by the environmental authority do not reflect the true volume used by the agricultural sector in the summer stage, which is demonstrated by relating the volumes of water granted, the hectares of crops planted and the actual water requirements for the aforementioned crops to achieve their maximum productivity.

Palabras clave

Agricultural products, Use of water, GIS, Irrigation, Vinces river basin

Texto completo:

PDF (English)


Caicedo C., Cadena D., Alcívar T., Veloz A., Montecé F. (2016). Analysis of the behavior of rainfall in Quevedo - Ecuador, for crop planning. European Scientific Journal (ESJ). 12 (33).212-220 pp. DOI:

Chacón, V. (2012). They denounce contradictions in figures on land dedicated to pineapple. Ucr University Weekly, October 24, 2012. Retrieved from

Changjiang Institute Of Survey, Planning, Design And Research (CISPDR), 2016. PLAN HIDRÁULICO REGIONAL DE LA DEMARCACIÓN HIDROGRÁFICA GUAYAS

CISPDR, 2015. Plan Hidraúlico Regional de la Demarcación Hirográfica Guayas. Memoria y Anexos. Changjiang Institute of Survey Planning Design and Research.

CISPDR, 2014. Planificación Hídrica Nacional del Ecuador (2014-2035). Phase II Report. Changjiang Institute of Survey Planning Design and Research.

Erika Zarate & Derk Kuiper. 2013. Evaluation of water footprint of bananas for small producers in Peru and Ecuador. GOOD STUFF INTERNATIONAL – Switzerland. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR SUSTAINABLE TRADE & ENVIRONMENT (TASTE Foundation), pp.70.

Flórez-Yepes, Gloria Yaneth, Rincon-Santamaría, Alejandro, Cardona, Pablo Santiago, & Alzate-Alvarez, Angela María. (2017). Multitemporal analysis of plant covers in the area of influence of gold mines located in the upper part of the Maltería sector in Manizales, Colombia. DYNA, 84(201), 95-101.

Frappart, F., Bourrel, L., Brodu, N., Salazar, X.R., Baup, F., Darrozes, J., Pombosa, R., 2017. Monitoring of the spatio-temporal dynamics of the floods in the Guayas Watershed (Ecuadorian Pacific Coast) using global monitoring ENVISAT ASAR images and rainfall data. Water 9, 1.

Granada J. 2001. Oil palm irrigation. In update in the production of oil palm. Maturín (Venezuela). May, 2-4. 2001. Selected readings. Maturin. p.219-224

Galárraga-Sánchez. NATIONAL REPORT ON WATER MANAGEMENT IN ECUADOR, 2000. Economic Commission for Latin America, ECLAC, 120 pp. Retrieved in:

Gudynas, E. (2013). Extractions, extractivisms and extra-hections: a conceptual framework on the appropriation of natural resources. Development Observatory, CLAES, 18, pp. 1-18.

Hernández-Gómez, Rojas-Robles, Sánchez-Calderón. (2013). Changes in land use associated with urban expansion and planning in the corregimiento of Pasquilla, rural area of Bogotá (Colombia). Geography Notebooks, 22(2), 257-271

INOCAR. 2010. Technical Report of the commission carried out in the area of the Guayas River south. November 29 to December 8, 2009. OceanogGraphic Instituteof the Navy. Guayaquil. 183 p.

Labrecque, S., Fournier, R., Luther, J., & Piercey D. (2006). A comparison of four methods to map biomass from Landsat-TMand inventory data in western Newfoundland.Forest Ecology and Management, 226, 129 – 144.

Lacerda, L., Kremer, H., Kjerfve, B., Salomons, W., Marshall, J., & Crossland, C. (2002). South American Basins: LOICZ Global Change Assessment and Synthesis of River Watershed – Coastal Sea Interaction and Human Dimensions. LOICZ Reports & Studies No. 21, Volume 1: ii+95 pp, Volume 2: ii+127 pp.

Lambin, E.F. & B. Turner. 2001. The causes of land-use- cover change, Global Enviromental Change. USA, p.184.

MAGAP. (2012). Ecuador chairs the Economic Committee of the International Cocoa Organization. Retrieved from Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Aquaculture and Fisheries.

MAGAP, 2015. Land Use and Lan Cover Map. Years 2014-2015. 1:25,000 Scale. Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Aquaculture and Fisheries.

Minar Naomi Damanik-Ambarita, Pieter Boets, Hanh Tien Nguyen Thi, Marie Anne Eurie Forio, Gert Everaert, Koen Lock, Peace Liz Sasha Musonge, Natalija Suhareva, Elina Bennetsen, Sacha Gobeyn, Tuan Long Ho, Luis Dominguez-Granda, Peter L.M. Goethals, Impact assessment of local land use on ecological water quality of the Guayas river basin (Ecuador), Ecological Informatics, Volume 48, 2018, Pages 226-237, ISSN 1574-9541,

Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Aquaculture and Fisheries, MAGAP. 2019. Map of Land Cover and Use in Continental Ecuador - Category: Cultivation, scale 1:100,000, year 2013 - 2014

Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería, Acuacultura y Pesca: Plan Nacional de Riego y Drenaje 2012 - 2027, [online] Ed. MAGAP, pp. 186, ISBN-09 8441 0399, Ecuador, 2013. Available in:

Morales J., Carrillo F., Farfán L., Cornejo L. (2016). Change of vegetation cover in the Banderas Bay region, Mexico. Caldasia 38(1):17-29.DOI:

Nouy, B; Baudouin, L; Djegui, N; Omore, A. 1999. The palm tree has oil in limitingwater conditions. Plantations, research,development. pp31-45

Walls, Mendis. 2004 Program for the development of the Amazon, Proamazonia. "Manual of Cocoa Cultivation". Ministry of Agriculture. Peru.

Raymond, K.L., Vondracek, B., 2011. Relationships among rotational and conventional grazing systems, stream channels, and macroinvertebrates. Hydrobiologia 669 (1), 105–117.

Reinoso V. 2008. Influence of irrigation on the behavior of three hybrids of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) of different origins (4th year of execution). La Concordia, Emeralds. Thesis Agricultural Engineer. Quito, Ecuador. Central University of Ecuador. Faculty of Agricultural Sciences.

Rodríguez C. Feasibility Study for the production and commercialization of bananas (Musa sp.), great dwarf variety Cavendish, in Quevedo, province of Los Ríos, 2009. Degree project presented as a requirement for obtaining a degree in Agribusiness Engineering. Universidad San Francisco de Quito, 63 pp.

SENAGUA. 2011. Management report 2008-2010. A different management of water resources. SENAGUA. Ecuador.

Secretariat of Water, SENAGUA. 2018

National Water Secretariat, SENAGUA, 2009. Hydrographic Units (GIS). Retrieved from:

Seoane, J. (2013). "Extractive model and accumulation by dispossession". In: Seoane, J.; Taddei, E. and Algranati, C. (Eds.) Extractivism, dispossession and climate crisis (pp. 21-41). Buenos Aires: Editorial El Colectivo. SEPSA (Executive Secretariat ofAgricultural Sectoral Planning) (2001). Agricultural Livestock Statistical Bulletin No. 12, Retrieved from

SEPSA (Executive Secretariat of Agricultural Sector Planning) (2013). Agricultural Statistical Bulletin No. 23. Time Series 2009-2012. Retrieved from

Silvetti, F.; Soto, G.; Cáceres, D. and Cabrol, D. (2013). Why doesn't the legislation protect Argentina's native forests? Socio-environmental conflicts and public policies in the province of Córdoba. Agrarian World, 13 (26), Retrieved from

Svampa,M. (2009). Change of era. Social movements and political power. Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI editores and CLACSO co-editors.

World Bank, 2018. Population, Total - Ecuador. Worl Bank Development Data Group. start=1960&view=chart, Accessed date: 8 May 2018.

Zeolla, N. H. (2013). Costs and profitability of soybean cultivation in Argentina. Special Economic Report II CELSO (July). Retrieved from


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.

Esta Revista es Editada por la Facultad de Economía y Negocios, Universidad de Talca, CHILE, 2 Norte 685, Talca. E_mail: o -