Ecotourism in Peru: Laguna de los Patos as a case study

Renzo Antonio Seminario-Córdova, Israel Barrutia Barreto, Zenayda Emilia Estrada Tuesta


Aviturismo or birdwatching tourism is part of an emerging subsector in the nature tourism industry. Although bird watching is established in Peru, it has been concentrated to a greater extent in conservation areas. However, the Piura region is also home to a great diversity of birds in areas that have not been declared protected, such as the “Laguna de los Patos” wetland located in the district of Querecotillo. The objective of this study is to investigate the potential of birdwatching that can occur in the "Laguna de los Patos" wetland, together with an update of the species. A non-experimental research work was carried out with field collection and bibliographic information. The results obtained allowed us to conclude that the wetland has a fairly high potential to develop bird tourism and contribute to the conservation of the area and the species, also benefiting the economy of the surrounding local populations.

Keywords: birds, ecotourism, sustainability, tourism


El aviturismo o turismo de observación de aves forma parte de un subsector emergente en la industria del turismo de naturaleza. Aunque la observación de aves se encuentra establecida en el Perú, se ha concentrado en mayor medida en las áreas de conservación. Sin embargo, la región Piura también alberga una gran diversidad de aves en áreas que no se han declarado en protección, como el humedal “Laguna de los Patos” ubicado en el distrito de Querecotillo. El objetivo de este estudio es investigar el potencial del aviturismo que se puede presentar en el humedal “Laguna de los Patos”, junto a una actualización de las especies. Se realizó un trabajo de investigación no experimental con recopilación de campo e información bibliográfica. Los resultados obtenidos permitieron concluir que el humedal presenta un potencial bastante alto para desarrollar el aviturismo y contribuir en la conservación del área y de las especies, beneficiando también a la economía de las poblaciones locales aledañas.

Palabras clave: aves, ecoturismo, sostenibilidad, turismo

Received: 2022-04-11 Accepted for publication: 2022-05-25 Published: 2022-06-30

Palabras clave

birds, ecotourism, sustainability, tourism

Texto completo:

PDF (English)


Almendras A, Ferrari S and Diez, P 2016 Ornithological tourism in the RN40 corridor section Río Turbio–Governador Gregores (Santa Cruz): current status and potential. Realidad. Tendencias y Desafíos en Turismo (CONDET) 14(1) 43–53. Available in (accessed 6 February 2022).

Almendras A, Ferrari S and Diez, P 2017 Evaluation of Bird Fauna for Ecotourism Use in Wetlands of the South of Santa Cruz. Informes Científicos Técnicos - UNPA 9(2) 78–95.

Audobon. January 04, 2021. American Stork.

Ayala F, Chunga J, Guerra H and Ramírez L 2018 Social Progress Index of the District of Sullana [master's thesis, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú]. PUCP Institutional Repository. Available in: (consulted February 9, 2022).

Cabanillas-Trujillo E, Morales-Bravo A, and Madrid-Ibarra, F. 2021 Inventory of birds present in the "Laguna Punrrun", Pasco Department, Peru. Biotempo 18(1) 51-62

Cajas T, Estela L, Chanta O, Calderón J, and Pasquel A 2021 Aviturismo, alternative for ecotourism development in the Tingo María National Park, Peru. Revista Universidad y Sociedad 13(2), 482–488. Disponible en: (consulted February 7, 2022).

Córdova-Tapia F, and Zambrano L 2015 Functional diversity in community ecology. Ecosistemas 24(3), 78-87.

Ebird. 2021 Dynamic Bird Database. Available in: (consulted on February 5, 2022).

Esenarro D, Cabello F, Amaya P and Vargas C 2020 Camping area and dock with viewpoint to promote sustainable ecotourist in the ticcllacocha lagoon, Tanta-Peru. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development 11(5), 268-272. Scopus.

Gigović L, Pamučar D, Lukić D, and Marković S 2016 GIS-Fuzzy DEMATEL MCDA model for the evaluation of the sites for ecotourism development: A case study of “Dunavski ključ” region Serbia Land Use Policy, 58 348–365.

Gómez D, Carranza Y, and Ramos C 2017 Ecotourism, experiential and cultural tourism. A reflection with Tourism Administration students Revista TEMAS 3(11) 229 - 236.

Hosseini S, Paydar M and Triki C 2021. Implementing sustainable ecotourism in Lafour region, Iran: Applying a clustering method based on SWOT analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production, 329 129716.

Jácome-Negrete I and Monar H 2020 Birds of the Cóndor Machay trail (Rumiñahui canton, Pichincha- Ecuador): Evaluation of species with value for local birdwatching. Siembra 7(2) 69–92.

Jien L, Abdul-Halim N, Hasmi N and Norazlimi N 2021 Potential of Avitourism in Tanjung Laboh, Johor. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 736(1) 012028

Maldonado-Oré E 2020 Nature and culture for the development of ecotourism in the province of Concepción, Junín, Peru. Socialium, 4(1), 143-161.

MINAM 2019 List of species of Wildlife CITES-Peru. Ministry of the Environment Available at: (consulted 5 February 2022).

Moons I, De Pelsmacker P and Barbarossa C 2020 Do personality- and self-congruity matter for the willingness to pay more for ecotourism? An empirical study in Flanders, Belgium. Journal of Cleaner Production, 272, 122866.

Mosammam H, Sarrafi M, Nia J, and Heidari S 2016 Typology of the ecotourism development approach and an evaluation from the sustainability view: The case of Mazandaran Province, Iran Tourism Management Perspectives 18 168–178.

Muñoz-Pedreros A and Quintana J 2010 Evaluation of wildlife for ecotourism use in wetlands of the Cruces River, Ramsar site of Chile Interciencia 35(10), 1–9. Disponible en: (consulted on February 8, 2022)

Navarijo M 2000 Art and science through the images of birds in pre-Hispanic mural painting Anales Del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas 22(77) 5–32.

Navarijo M 2014 The national birds: The value of the use of the image The national birds. Mexico D.F., Mexico. National Autonomous University of Mexico. 69 pp.

Novoa J, More A, Osorio D and Ortiz W 2019 Diversity of birds in the dry forests of Talara (El Alto, Lobitos and Pariñas), Piura, Peru Unión de Ornitólogos Del Perú 14(2) 24–36. Available in: (consulted on February 8, 2022)

Omarzadeh, D., Pourmoradian, S., Feizizadeh, B., Khallaghi, H., Sharifi, A., & Kamran, K. (2021). A GIS-based multiple ecotourism sustainability assessment of West Azerbaijan province, Iran. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 65(3), 490–513.

Orellana S, Figueroa R, Faúndez P, Carrasco-Lagos P and Moreno R 2015 Birds of Prey of the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, Chile. Wildlife Ecology Laboratory (LEVS), Faculty of Forest Sciences and Nature Conservation, University of Chile

Plenge M 2021 List of the birds of Peru. Union of Ornithologists of Peru. Available in: (consulted 6 February 2022)

Portocarrero C, Pizarro I, Alzamora M, More A and Gallo L 2012 Regional Strategy and action plan for the conservation of the biological diversity of the Piura region. Biological Diversity Technical Group of the Regional Government of Piura. Available in: (consulted on February 9, 2022).

Proaño-Varela J, Medina J, and Espinoza P 2021 Analysis of the Diversity of Birds in the Antisana Ecological Reserve for the Proposal of Birthwatching Routes. Kalpana Revista de Investigación 20 50-71.

Quiñonez A and Hernández F 2017 Habitat use and conservation status of birds in the El Paraíso wetland, Lima, Peru Revista Peruana de Biología 24(2) 175–186.

Sabalú C 2014 Microalgae in Los Patos Lagoons, La Horca – Querecotillo, Sullana [bachelor's thesis, National University of Piura]. UNP Institutional Repository. Available in: (consulted 7 February 2022)

Salazar S and Mena J 2018 Birds of the Tabaconas Namballe National Sanctuary, eastern slope of the Andes of Northern Peru Revista Peruana de Biología 25(2) 91–110.

Salinas E and Cámara F 2016 Birdwatching tourism in Cuba Revista Investigaciones Turísticas, (12), 20–49.

Schulenberg T, Stotz D, Lane D, O'Neill J and Parker, T 2007 Birds of Peru. Revised and Updated Edition. Princeton University Press, 664 pp. Available in: (consultado el 8 de febrero 2022)

Shulemberg T, Stotz D, Lane D, O’ Neill J and Parker, T 2010 Bird of Perú (Second edition). Princeton University Press, New Jersey. 664 pp.

Sevillano S 2017 Brief History of Ornithology in the High Andes of Northern Peru and Its Importance for Conservation Revista de Glaciares y Ecosistemas de Montaña 2 87–102. Available in: (consulted on February 10, 2022).

Silva S. 2014 Habitat use by birds in the "Laguna de los Patos" wetland, La Horca – Querecotillo, Sullana, Peru [bachelor's thesis, National University of Piura]. UNP Institutional Repository. Available in: (consulted 7 February 2022).

Tafalla M 2013 The aesthetic appreciation of animals. Aesthetic and ethical considerations. Revista de Bioética y Derecho 28 (1) 72-90.

Tseng M, Lin C, Remen C, Wu K, and Sriphon T 2019. Ecotourism development in Thailand: Community participation leads to the value of attractions using linguistic preferences. Journal of Cleaner Production 231 1319–1329.

Ugaz A and Saldaña I (2014 Birds of Piura. National University of Piura, 385 pp. Available in: (consulted 6 February 2022)

WALLAC 2021 Sullana. Cool off in the beautiful Laguna de los Patos wetland

Walter P 2020 Community-based ecotourism projects as living museums Journal of Ecotourism 19(3) 233-247. Scopus.

You S, Zheng Q, Chen B, Xu Z, Lin Y, Gan M, Zhu C, Deng J, and Wang K 2022 Identifying the spatiotemporal dynamics of forest ecotourism values with remotely sensed images and social media data: A perspective of public preferences. Journal of Cleaner Production 341(January) 130715.

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.

Esta Revista es Editada por la Facultad de Economía y Negocios, Universidad de Talca, CHILE, 2 Norte 685, Talca. E_mail: o -